Question: What Are The Top 10 Rarest Diseases?

How often do doctors get it wrong?

Studies of autopsies have shown that doctors seriously misdiagnose fatal illnesses about 20 percent of the time.

So millions of patients are being treated for the wrong disease.

As shocking as that is, the more astonishing fact may be that the rate has not really changed since the 1930’s..

Is Marfan syndrome more common in males or females?

Affected Populations Marfan syndrome affects males and females in equal numbers and occurs worldwide with no ethnic predisposition. The prevalence has been estimated to be 1 in 5-10,000 individuals in the general population.

What are the 4 types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

How many different diseases are there?

The focus is really on rare diseases, but a credible case can be made that there are at least 10,000 diseases in the world, though there is likely more. And there are a bit over 500 treatments.

What is the rarest disease in the world?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What are the most common rare diseases?

What Are Rare Diseases?Multiple sclerosis emerges above all others, at 90 patients per 100,000 people.Narcolepsy—intermittent, uncontrollable episodes of sleepiness—affects 50 patients per 100,000.Primary biliary cholangitis, the damage of bile ducts in the liver, affects 40 people in 100,000.More items…•

What disease kills you slowly?

What is Huntington’s disease? Huntington’s disease is a rare, progressive brain disorder. It gradually kills nerve cells in the brain. This slowly deteriorates a person’s physical and mental abilities.

What disease has no cure?

Some of the common medical conditions of people requiring care at the end of life include:cancer.dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease.stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.Huntington’s disease.muscular dystrophy.More items…•

What is the most difficult disease to diagnose?

Conditions That Are Hard to Diagnose7 / 14. Lyme Disease. … 8 / 14. Fibromyalgia. … 9 / 14. Lupus. … 10 / 14. Parkinson’s Disease. … 11 / 14. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) … 12 / 14. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. … 13 / 14. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) … 14 / 14. Endometriosis. This happens when the tissue that lines a woman’s uterus grows outside of it.More items…

What is the most common disease in the world?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What is the weirdest disease?

Water allergy.Foreign accent syndrome.Laughing Death.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)Alice in Wonderland syndrome.Porphyria.Pica.Moebius syndrome.More items…•

What are examples of rare diseases?

Examples of rare diseases caused by mutations in single genes include cystic fibrosis, which affects the respiratory and digestive systems (See: Learning About Cystic Fibrosis); Huntington’s disease, which affects the brain and nervous system (See: Learning About Huntington’s Disease); and muscular dystrophies, which …

What counts as a rare disease?

In the United States, a rare disease is defined as a condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the US.

What are the 7000 rare diseases?

You can find a list of all the 7,000+ rare diseases on the Orphanet website.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Prevalence: roughly 1 in 2,000,000. … Ehlers Danlos syndrome. Prevalence: Unknown. … Tyrosinemia type 1. Prevalence: Unknown. … Duchenne muscular dystrophy. … Cystic fibrosis. … NGLY-1 deficiency.

What are 5 genetic diseases?

What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. … Thalassemia. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs disease. … Sickle Cell Anemia. … Learn More. … Recommended. … Sources.