What Is The Most Common Sarcoma?

Are there different types of sarcoma?

There are two main types of sarcoma.

The most common is soft tissue sarcoma, which develops in the soft tissues of the body, usually the muscles or blood vessels.

The other type of sarcoma is less common and is known as bone sarcoma, because it forms in the bone..

What is the rarest form of sarcoma?

Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS): ASPS is an extremely rare sarcoma that typically starts in the lower extremities of people between the ages of 15 and 40. It is a slow-growing tumor but one that often spreads to other parts of the body, such as the lungs and brain.

Where are sarcomas usually found?

They can be found in any part of the body. Most of them start in the arms or legs. They can also be found in the trunk, head and neck area, internal organs, and the area in back of the abdominal (belly) cavity (known as the retroperitoneum). Sarcomas are not common tumors.

How common is sarcoma?

Sarcomas are rare in adults and make up approximately 1% of all adult cancer diagnoses. They are relatively more common among children. Between 1,500 and 1,700 children are diagnosed with a bone or soft tissue sarcoma in the U.S. each year. This makes up about 15% of cancers in children under the age of 20.

How do you know if you have soft tissue sarcoma?

A sign of adult soft tissue sarcoma is a lump or swelling in soft tissue of the body. A sarcoma may appear as a painless lump under the skin, often on an arm or a leg. Sarcomas that begin in the abdomen may not cause signs or symptoms until they get very big.

Is carcinoma worse than sarcoma?

Carcinomas are much more common, accounting for 85% to 90% of cancers. Sarcomas, in contrast, represent slightly less than 1% of cancer types. (The other types of cancer include leukemias, lymphomas, and myelomas, although some cancers may have characteristics of more than one type, for example, carcinosarcomas.)

What are the chances of sarcoma coming back?

“Although the majority of metastatic recurrences occur within 2 years from the time of the initial diagnosis, the data from the current study indicate that 1 in 14 patients with high-grade soft-tissue sarcoma who was free of recurrence at 5 years developed a late metastatic recurrence,” the researchers wrote.

How long can you live with sarcoma?

Here are the 5-year survival rates for soft tissue sarcoma, according to the National Cancer Institute. Overall, the 5-year survival rate for soft tissue sarcomas is about 65%. Once soft tissue sarcoma has spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is about 18%.

Can Sarcoma be cured completely?

A sarcoma is considered stage IV when it has spread to distant parts of the body. Stage IV sarcomas are rarely curable. But some patients may be cured if the main (primary) tumor and all of the areas of cancer spread (metastases) can be removed by surgery.

What does a sarcoma lump feel like?

Symptoms of soft tissue sarcomas For example: swelling under the skin may cause a painless lump that cannot easily be moved around and gets bigger over time. swelling in the tummy (abdomen) may cause abdominal pain, a persistent feeling of fullness and constipation.

Can you have a sarcoma for years?

Some types of soft tissue sarcoma that develop in the limbs or axial skeleton grow slowly over several years, or remain the same size for years or even decades, and then suddenly start to grow.

How long can you have sarcoma without knowing?

The median duration of symptoms from first patient-identifiable abnormality to diagnosis was 16 weeks for bone sarcomas and 26 weeks for soft tissue sarcomas. The exception to this was chondrosarcomas where patients had an average duration of symptoms of 44 weeks prior to diagnosis.

What happens if sarcoma is not treated?

If a sarcoma is not treated, the cells continue to divide and the sarcoma will grow in size. The growth of the sarcoma causes a lump in the soft tissues. This can cause pressure on any body tissues or organs nearby. Over time, sarcoma cells from the original area may break away.

What is the best treatment for sarcoma?

In general, sarcoma treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. For example, treatment for osteosarcoma may involve nine weeks of chemotherapy, surgery to remove the tumor and rebuild the bone and another five months of chemotherapy.

How do I know if my lump is sarcoma?

Soft tissue sarcoma symptoms A lump or mass is the most common soft tissue sarcoma sign. The lump will form in the area in which the tumor is growing, and it may be accompanied by some pain if it is pressing on a nerve or muscle.