Why Plant Cells Need Both Chloroplasts And Mitochondria?

What simple sugar is broken down in the mitochondria?

GlucoseGlucose, a simple sugar, and other carbohydrates made by plants during photosynthesis are broken down by the process of aerobic cellular respiration (requires oxygen) in the mitochondria of the cell.

This releases energy (ATP) for the cell..

What is the function of the two membranes of mitochondria quizlet?

What is the function of the two membranes of mitochondria? Protons are pumped into the space between the membranes. What is the role of oxygen in respiration? It is reduced at the end of the electron transport chain, forming water.

What are the similarities between mitochondria and bacteria?

Most important are the many striking similarities between prokaryotes (like bacteria) and mitochondria: Membranes — Mitochondria have their own cell membranes, just like a prokaryotic cell does. DNA — Each mitochondrion has its own circular DNA genome, like a bacteria’s genome, but much smaller.

What processes require the chloroplasts and mitochondria to interact with one another?

1 Answer. Chloroplasts and mitochondria do not knowingly work together. However, the glucose and oxygen produced by photosynthesis in the chloroplasts are required by the mitochondria in order to carry out aerobic cellular respiration.

What are the similarities and differences between chloroplast and mitochondria?

Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants, but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. The function of chloroplasts and mitochondria is to generate energy for the cells in which they live. The structure of both organelle types includes an inner and an outer membrane.

Why does the mitochondria have two membranes?

They are the reason that we need oxygen at all. The double-membraned mitochondrion can be loosely described as a large wrinkled bag packed inside of a smaller, unwrinkled bag. The two membranes create distinct compartments within the organelle, and are themselves very different in structure and in function.

What are 3 main differences between plant and animal cells?

Major structural differences between a plant and an animal cell include: Plant cells have a cell wall, but animals cells do not. Cell walls provide support and give shape to plants. Plant cells have chloroplasts, but animal cells do not.

How many mitochondria are in a plant cell?

splendens (and 20–40 mitochondria, Beech, P.L., personal communication). In contrast, a typical Arabidopsis mesophyll cell contains approximately 120 chloroplasts [44] and many hundreds of mitochondria.

Why should plants require both chloroplasts and mitochondria can they live without either one?

It is important to note that plants need both chloroplasts and mitochondria because without one organelle say the mitochondria the entire cell would be unable to carry out its life activities. … Thus, both organelles are equally important for normal cellular function.

What are the two membranes of mitochondria?

As previously mentioned, mitochondria contain two major membranes. The outer mitochondrial membrane fully surrounds the inner membrane, with a small intermembrane space in between. The outer membrane has many protein-based pores that are big enough to allow the passage of ions and molecules as large as a small protein.

What do mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common with prokaryotes?

The endosymbiotic theory states that some of the organelles in eukaryotic cells were once prokaryotic microbes. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular, not linear.

What do mitochondria and thylakoid membranes have in common?

Answer and Explanation: The mitochondrial membrane and thylakoids membranes have a couple things in common: Both membranes contain ATP Synthase Proteins.

What organelle does the mitochondria work with?

Among the various intracellular organelles that interact with the ER, which include the Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, peroxisomes, endosomes and lysosomes, the mitochondria has one of the most extensively studied and well-characterized connections with the ER.

What characteristics do mitochondria and chloroplasts share?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells, both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells. These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane, circular DNA, and bacteria-like ribosomes.

Why do plant cells also have mitochondria?

Explanation: Plant cells require mitochondria to produce energy for the cell, usually through photosynthesis during the day. When the sun sets and the energy from sunlight is lost, the plant continues on through the night producing energy through cellular respiration.

Why is it important that plant and animal cells both have mitochondria?

Both animal and plant cells have mitochondria, but only plant cells have chloroplasts. … Once the sugar is made, it is then broken down by the mitochondria to make energy for the cell. Because animals get sugar from the food they eat, they do not need chloroplasts: just mitochondria.

How does chloroplast and mitochondria work together?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis, then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP. where critical chemical reactions occur in the cell that allow for the release of energy from food.